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During the Syrian Civil War in 2015, Palmyra came under the control of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and subsequently changed hands several times between the militant group and the Syrian Army who retook the city on 2 March 2017.ISIL sabotaged many artifacts and destroyed a number of buildings, considerably damaging the ancient site.Palmyra's wealth enabled the construction of monumental projects, such as the Great Colonnade, the Temple of Bel, and the distinctive tower tombs.The Palmyrenes were a mix of Amorites, Arameans, and Arabs.The king was succeeded by regent Queen Zenobia, who rebelled against Rome and established the Palmyrene Empire.In 273, Roman emperor Aurelian destroyed the city, which was later restored by Diocletian at a reduced size.
In a second campaign that took place in 266, the Palmyrene king reached Ctesiphon again; however, he had to left the siege and move north, accompanied by Hairan I, to repel Gothic attacks on Asia Minor.Its destruction by the Timurids in 1400 reduced it to a small village.Under French Mandatory rule in 1932, the inhabitants were moved into the new village of Tadmur, and the ancient site became available for excavations.According to eyewitnesses, on the militants destroyed the Lion of Al-lāt and other statues; this came days after the militants gathered the citizens and promised not to destroy the city's monuments.
Following the March 2017 capture of Palmyra by the Syrian Army, Maamoun Abdulkarim, director of antiquities and museums at the Syrian Ministry of Culture, stated that the damage to ancient monuments may be lesser than earlier believed and preliminary pictures showed almost no further damage than what was already known.
Tadmur) is an ancient Semitic city in present-day Homs Governorate, Syria.